Myopia Control

What is myopia?

Myopia, or short-sightedness, occurs when the eye is too long for its focusing apparatus. In a normal eye, the cornea, then the lens, should focus light onto the retina, which converts the light image to electrical signals which get passed to the brain. Below, we discuss various methods of myopia control.

In myopia, light from far away is focused to a point in front of the retina, which results in blurred vision – only light from nearby objects are focused on the retina properly, and therefore appears sharp and in focus. The issue is myopia – particularly high myopia – can cause problems in the eye, later in life, even if the vision is corrected with spectacles, lenses or refractive surgery. One example is people with high myopia have a 5-6 times greater risk of retinal detachment than people with low myopia.
Read more…

Need more info? The links on this page refer to ELZA pages (in English) with more detailed information on the topic.

Increase of Myopia

Myopia is increasing massively. In 2010, 2 billion people were short-sighted. By 2050, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), 5 billion people will already be short-sighted, or 50% of the world’s population.
Read more…

Causes

Too much close work

Nowadays, we spend much more time reading distance than our ancestors. Computers, but also smartphones and tablets cause our optics to be constantly focused at a distance of 20 to 60 cm. This constantly activates the process of so-called accommodation: we make an effort to focus in the vicinity. This stimulates our brain to make the eye short-sighted, because myopia means that you can see close up without any effort.

 
Too much artificial light

Another reason for the strong increase in myopia is probably also the artificial light that accompanies us over long stretches of our everyday life. The composition of the artificial light, in contrast to natural sunlight, does not release the messenger substance dopamine. And it is precisely the dopamine that can slow down a progression of myopia.

Can myopia be treated?

Contact lenses, spectacles, and in adults, refractive surgery, can change how the light is focused so it lands on the retina correctly. However, these people are still myopic; their vision has simply been corrected, but they still carry all of the risks associated with being myopic.

 

Can myopia be prevented?

It’s important to understand that myopia is a disorder that forms during childhood. Myopia occurs if the eye grows too long to focus light from far away onto the retina. Childhood is therefore the only opportunity to influence the progression of myopia.

There are two types of childhood myopia, stable and progressive, and it is the latter we can influence, with either eyedrops or special contact lenses. As mentioned above, it is worth trying to slow the progression of myopia, not because of the requirement for thicker spectacles, but to try to improve your child’s depth of focus with spectacles, and to reduce the risks of developing myopia-caused retinal detachments in later life.
Read more…

Atropine for myopia control

Highly diluted atropine solutions (0.01%) have been shown in a large study performed in adolescents in Asia to slow the development of myopia. The eyedrops are taken once a day in the evening, and the child needs to take the drops for a prolonged period – potentially several years.

 

Myopia control using Ortho K / Multifocal Contact lenses

Ortho-K lenses are worn at night and flatten the cornea in the center and the periphery. Multifocal contact lenses are worn during the day and contain various optical zones. The eye grows in length (becoming myopic) in response to how blurred peripheral vision is on the retina. These contact lenses attempt to address this by better focusing peripheral images onto the retina.

 

Myopia control using eyeglasses 

A new generation of eye glasses also is able to prevent myopia progression, working with mechanisms similar to the ones described above.

 

Which method is best?

All three approaches slow myopia progression; the choice will depend on the individual circumstances of your child.
Read more…

 

Why ELZA?

As ELZA is a world-leading refractive center, we have highly experienced doctors and optometrists with access to the most sophisticated instruments to examine your child’s eyes. These include ray-tracing technology to measure the total length of the eye, as well as corneal tomography and epithelial maps to fully understand if there are any other pathologies in the cornea that might cause myopia.

PREVIOUS

FAQ Myopia Control

NEXT

What is in Myopia

The ELZA Institute

EN | DE | PT
Augeninstitut ELZA
4.8
Based on 110 reviews
powered by Google
Zuzana Fecko
Zuzana Fecko
21:48 31 Oct 22
Thank you so much, Dr. Torres and prof. Hafezi. 26 years I was only “dreaming” about the eye surgery due to possible... complications. I was worried ..Thank you for encouraging me to make a decision and thank you for your professionalism, explanations and great work!I wish you all the best, lots of success and only happy patients!read more
Serena Fazio
Serena Fazio
11:15 06 Mar 22
I have been to the ELZA clinic to have surgery for my miopy, as my eyes were rejecting the contacts and I was tired of... wearing glasses. From the first preliminary visit, to the actual surgery and post-surgery care Dr. Hafezi and all his collaborators have been extremely professional, considerate and helpful. All the steps of the (very short!) surgery were thoroughly explained to me in order to be as calm as possible, together with the medication plan and precautions to be aware of so that my eyes could heal in the best way possible. By following their exact instructions, the healing process has been very successful and smooth, and after about one week I was able to see perfectly. I absolutely recommend this team and their expertise!read more
Robin A
Robin A
11:43 16 Feb 22
Top experts and professional team. Highly recommended
Thunder Shiviah
Thunder Shiviah
14:05 23 Nov 21
After some research on local options I decided to go with ELZA since it stood out as the best. The operation and the... post-operation recovery went extremely smooth (something I was worried about with PRK). Now my vision is much better than I had hoped and I have no side effects such as dry eye or night vision problems. Thank you!read more
Squitieri Elias
Squitieri Elias
12:43 08 Sep 21
Die Behandlungen waren bei mir erfolgreich, alle waren sehr nett und haben mein Leben vereinfacht.Danke
Eliane Bossart
Eliane Bossart
13:01 05 Sep 21
Vor einem Jahr war ich einer ganz verzweifelten Situation und total im Stich gelassen. Meine Augen wurden aufgrund... eines ausgeprägten Kerakotonus immer schlechter, ich hatte Angst und war alleine mit meinen Problemen. Zudem vertrug ich die Kontaktlinsen nur noch ganz schlecht und hatte jeden Tag Schmerzen.Professor Hafezi hat mir mit zwei Operationen wieder das auf Grund der Situation mögliche an Lebensqualität zurückgebracht. Es war ein starpaziöses Jahr mit vielen Entbehrungen aber es hat sich gelohnt! Herzlichen Dank fuer die Unterstützung.read more
Gabriela Meyer
Gabriela Meyer
18:32 22 Aug 21
Ich wurde von meiner Optikerin auf Prof. Dr. Dr. Hafezi aufmerksam gemacht. Es war mir vorher nicht bewusst, dass meine... Augenkrankheit (Keratokonus) operativ mittels Cross Linking behandelt und so gestoppt werden kann. Die Beratung und Behandlung war sehr kompetent und ich fühlte mich jederzeit wohl. Die Operation verlief gut und das Ergebnis ist einwandfrei.read more
Naomi
Naomi
11:38 11 Aug 21
Ich bin sehr glücklich, dass ich das Elza Institute gefunden habe. Ich wurde von anderen Augenärzten abgewiesen, da... meine Augen zu kompliziert/schwierig zu behandeln waren. Prof. Dr. Dr. Hafezi konnte mir jedoch helfen und ich bin sehr glücklich und zufrieden mit dem Resultat. Vielen Dank!read more
Till B
Till B
08:30 19 Jul 21
Ich habe eine überaus kompetente Beratung und Behandlung erlebt. Die gesamte Betreuung war sehr freundlich und... professionell. Herzlichen Dank!read more
Thomas S.
Thomas S.
09:37 07 Jul 21
My left eye had to be operated on because of a cataract. As I had an Artiflex lens implanted a few years ago, it had to... be removed first before a modern lens could be implanted to correct the cataract. Prof. Hafezi treated me in an very competent and friendly manner. I am very happy with the result.read more
Selma A. Rahim
Selma A. Rahim
19:45 02 Jul 21
Dr. Hafezi.. the KING OF CXL🤴
Gianluca Ricci
Gianluca Ricci
12:46 10 Apr 21
Great team and service!
rehaneyecare
rehaneyecare
05:36 08 Apr 21
Excellent surgeon
Steven H.A
Steven H.A
16:13 11 Jan 21
Prof. F. Hafezi s expertise is enormous and he has a very pleasant and calm nature which gives the patient... security.Thank youread more
Online Commande
Online Commande
09:19 05 Dec 20
Totally creepy, very arrogant Prof.He just want your money.It may explain, why this Prof. is not in the center of the... city of Zürich and why he has been thrown away from University of Geneva.read more
Elena Churilova
Elena Churilova
10:06 17 Nov 20
At the moment, 3 months have passed since the moment I made laser vision correction in this clinic. and I can say that... I am happy that I chose this particular clinic and Prof. F. Hafezi. The entire staff of the clinic is very friendly, treats patients with sympathy and patience if they are nervous before surgery (my big gratitude to Aida Alili for all support and patience). The doctor Hafezi and other doctors of the clinic are very professional and ready to explain to you as many times as you need. I can only recommend!read more
Michele Aggiato
Michele Aggiato
18:17 10 Jan 20
The day I had Prof Hafezi checking my keratoconus I knew I was finally in the right place after years of searching for... a good ophthalmologist. Prof Hafezi recommended a surgery due to a drastic degeneration of my cornea. The surgery was performed by himself with the assistance of Dr Rodriguez, one more collaborator of Prof Hafezi’s team who got my full trust.read more
Ashley Faulkes
Ashley Faulkes
15:30 21 Mar 16
Professor Hafezi and the team at the ELZA Institute have done an amazing job of creating a first class eye clinic, with... cutting edge technology and support. I went there for a dry eye issue and other issues with my prescription, and they were easily able to help me and put me on the road to better vision! High recommend them to anyone in the Zurich/Aargau area.read more
Next Reviews
js_loader
Augeninstitut ELZA
4.8
Based on 110 reviews
powered by Google
js_loader