Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

The retina is the nerve tissue on the back of the eye that captures the light, similar to the photosensitive film on an analog camera. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) occurs when the small central part of the retina, known as the  macula, changes. AMD is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over 60 years of age.

Dry AMD

The onset of age-related retinal changes is the appearance of yellowish deposits called “drusen”. A few small drusen won’t cause any change in visual acuity – but they usually grow in size and increase in number over time. This is known as maculopathy, and the accumulation can lead to impairments in vision. In later stages, they can cause image distortions, which patients tend to notice most when reading.

In advanced stages (macular degeneration), these changes may be accompanied by thinning and death of the photosensitive layer in the macula (dry or atrophic macular degeneration). In the dry or atrophic form of macular degeneration, patients often have blind spots in the center of their visual field.

Wet AMD

Wet macular degeneration occurs when the oxygen supply to the macula is disturbed and the body reacts with the formation of new, abnormal blood vessels. This damage to the macula leads to rapid and irreversible central vision loss. Once destroyed, it is hard to restore sight. However, there are several treatment options for wet AMD that can be effective if diagnosis and therapy are early.

Normal

Wet ARMD

AMD and nutrition

AMD: how to protect yourself

There are certain factors (genetic and concurrent eye diseases) that increase the risk of developing AMD, and can not be influenced. But there are risk factors for developing AMD that you can control, that have been uncovered by large, global studies.

Adjusting your lifestyle and changing your diet can be beneficial. The effect of excessive lifelong solar radiation is still under discussion: some studies have suggested there’s a relationship between AMD and excessive exposure to the sun (but other studies have found no such association).

If you decide to protect your eyes better, the following movie might give you some insights.

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Augeninstitut ELZA
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Thomas S.
Thomas S.
09:37 07 Jul 21
My left eye had to be operated on because of a cataract. As I had an Artiflex lens implanted a few years ago, it had to... be removed first before a modern lens could be implanted to correct the cataract. Prof. Hafezi treated me in an very competent and friendly manner. I am very happy with the result.read more
Selma A. Rahim
Selma A. Rahim
19:45 02 Jul 21
Dr. Hafezi.. the KING OF CXL🤴
Gianluca Ricci
Gianluca Ricci
12:46 10 Apr 21
Great team and service!
rehaneyecare
rehaneyecare
05:36 08 Apr 21
Excellent surgeon
Steven H.A
Steven H.A
16:13 11 Jan 21
Prof. F. Hafezi s expertise is enormous and he has a very pleasant and calm nature which gives the patient... security.Thank youread more
Online Commande
Online Commande
09:19 05 Dec 20
Totally creepy, very arrogant Prof.He just want your money.It may explain, why this Prof. is not in the center of the... city of Zürich and why he has been thrown away from University of Geneva.read more
Elena Churilova
Elena Churilova
10:06 17 Nov 20
At the moment, 3 months have passed since the moment I made laser vision correction in this clinic. and I can say that... I am happy that I chose this particular clinic and Prof. F. Hafezi. The entire staff of the clinic is very friendly, treats patients with sympathy and patience if they are nervous before surgery (my big gratitude to Aida Alili for all support and patience). The doctor Hafezi and other doctors of the clinic are very professional and ready to explain to you as many times as you need. I can only recommend!read more
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Based on 80 reviews
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